Legal framework for adoption in Norway
The legal framework that constitute the frames for adoption in Norway is “The Adoption Act” and governmental regulations and guidelines.
The Adoption Act
The current Norwegian Adoption Act, which replaced the former Adoption Act of 1917, was passed on 28th of February 1986, and came into force on 1st of January 1987. The Act is divided into five chapters, (1) Conditions for adoption, etc., (2) Anonymous adoption, duty to provide information (3), Placement for adoption and approval of adoptive homes, (4), Issues relating to private international law, and (5) Commencement, amendments to other Acts, etc.
The Act has been subsequently amended, twice in 1999, in June 2001, and most recently the 25th of April 2014.
Pursuant to the Adoption Act, the Ministry has stipulated two sets of regulations, both from 1999. One of them is applicable to placement of children in domestic adoption and one regarding requirements relating to associations that arrange placement of children in intercountry adoption. An official English translation of the latter regulation is published in Circular Letter Q-1008 E mentioned above.
The Ministry has laid down guidelines for examination and approval of adoptive homes in intercountry adoption (1998). Further guidelines are now being prepared by the Ministry.
The Hague Convention
Norway ratified “The Hague Convention of 29th of May 1993, on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Intercountry Adoption”, on the 25th of September 1997. The Convention came into force for Norway on 1 January 1998.
You can find more about the Norwegian Adoption laws and regulation here.